Emergency Medical Technician/Paramedic

Emergency medical personnel work both indoors and outdoors, often in stressful circumstances, and may work in extreme weather conditions. This work is physically demanding. Emergency medical personnel are required to lift loads weighing well over 20 kilograms (for example, patients on stretchers). They must observe safety precautions to avoid injury when working with equipment and exposure to potentially hazardous biological agents. Their work is performed before patients reach a hospital, between health-care facilities and before they are seen by Emergency Department staff. At some sites, much of their time may be spent in ambulances, transporting injured or ill people to hospitals, urgent care centers or other health facilities. In other locations, they provide care to patients in an emergency room setting, assess the extent of injuries or illness to determine medical treatment, comfort and reassure patients, provide pre-hospital emergency medical care including controlling hemorrhage, CPR, oxygen, bandaging and the treatment of trauma patients.

There are three tiers of emergency medical service practitioners:

  1. Emergency Medical Responder (EMR)
  2. Emergency Medical Technician (EMT)
  3. Emergency Medical Technologist Paramedic (EMT-P)

They have different levels for training depending on their position. EMRs have a basic level of training while EMTs have more comprehensive training including an eight-month certificate program. EMT-Ps require two years of advanced training and practicum before they are certified to work.

Average Hourly


Range Hourly

$18.87 – $33.50

Average Yearly


Range Yearly

$36,797 – $65,318

Paramedical occupations (3234)

Advanced care paramedic

Advanced emergency medical assistant

Advanced life support attendant

Advanced life support co-ordinator

Advanced life support paramedic

Ambulance attendant

Ambulance attendant trainee

Ambulance attendants supervisor

Ambulance driver

Ambulance driver-attendant

Ambulance services field supervisor

Ambulance services supervisor

Ambulance services unit chief

Ambulance technician

Assistant paramedic

Chief ambulance attendant

Critical care paramedic

Drilling rig medic

Drilling rig medical technician

Drilling rig medical warden

Drilling rig medical worker

Emergency medical assistant

Emergency medical attendant (EMA)

Emergency medical technician - paramedic/advanced care paramedic (EMT - P/ACP)

Emergency medical technician - primary care paramedic (EMT - PCP)

Emergency medical technician (EMT)

Emergency medical technologist - paramedic (EMT-P)

Emergency paramedic

Infant transport attendant

Intermediate care paramedic

Medical assistant (paramedic)

Medical technician

Newborn emergency medical care technician

Newborn medical care technician


Paramedic emergency medical technician

Paramedic worker

Primary care paramedic

Registered emergency paramedic

Supervisor ambulance attendants

  1. Applicants must be 18 years of age

  2. Obtained a Standard First Aid certificate and CPR certificate at the Basic Rescuer Level (C) within the previous year

  3. Have a valid Class 4 driver’s license

Average hourly

Range hourly

Average yearly

Range yearly


$18.87 - $33.50


$36,797 - $65,318


Employment outlook is mostly good across provinces. More information is available here

EMR to EMT or EMT-P and Advanced Care Paramedic (ACP) is possible with further education.

0-2 years of experience is required

Excellent oral and written communication skills; strong leadership abilities; sound decision-making and critical thinking skills; a strong desire to help those in need; the ability to remain firm, reassuring and efficient in moments of crisis; the ability to work independently and as part of a team; experience with Meditech or NETCARE is an asset.

In Alberta there are three tiers of emergency medical professional, such as: Emergency Medical Responder, Emergency Medical Technician - Ambulance (EMT) and Emergency Medical Technologist - Paramedic (EMT-P). In general their duties include, but are not limited to: provide pre-hospital emergency medical care including controlling hemorrhage, cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), oxygen, bandaging and the treatment of trauma patients; assisting in childbirth, management of cardiac, diabetic, allergic, behavioral, and environmental emergencies, and suspected poisonings; assess the extent of injuries or illness to determine appropriate medical treatment;

Obtaining a CPR, First-Aid certificate from a recognized institute.

Obtain an EMS certificate or PCP, ACP diploma degree.

Registration with the provincial regulatory body of paramedics (e.g., Alberta College of Paramedics)